For most plants, the sandy soil of the coast lacks essential nutrients. Pack your garden with these hardy, coastal picks that can survive and thrive in a seaside environment.
Photo: Lynn Karlin
For most plants, the hardest spot is on the beach, washed by waves and open to the elements. Here, your best bets are salt-tolerant natives from your area that feature adaptations like fuzzy, gray, or shiny foliage, which can shed or trap the ocean spray. Farther inshore, where tides don't reach and winds are gentler, your choices widen to include coastal natives from other locales.
What works for you will depend on where you live, so shop for plants at a local coastal nursery, where you can get growing tips specific to your climate. In any region, shore up your garden by planting hedges to block ocean breezes, and amend sandy soil with organic compost.
Raised beds (left), filled with lady's-mantle, Russian sage, chives, and anise hyssop, help control soil quality.
Photo: Noble Proctor/Getty
Ornamental grasses help prevent erosion and have high salt tolerance.
A full-sun East Coast native, it takes wind and salt, reaching 2 to 3 feet. Zones 5--10
Photo: Sten Porse
In dry, saline ground, this Eurasian grass grows 2 to 4 feet high in sun to light shade. Zones 4--10
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Weathering cold, salty conditions, it's a sun-lover that gets 1 to 3 feet tall. Zones 3--9
Photo: Laura Berman
A hybrid with roots in Europe and Asia, the tough grass reaches 3 to 6 feet in sun-to-part shade. Zones 3--9
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Salt tides, fluctuating temperatures, and shade don't faze its 2- to 3-foot blades. Zones 4--10
Photo: Gerald D. Tang
They structure garden beds, providing color early summer to fall.
Native species are suited to most U.S. coastal zones. Their silver leaves ward off salt spray. Zones 3--10
Photo: Treeland Nursery
Enduring drought, wind, and salt, regional native types can top 15 feet. Zones 4--10
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Sun-loving American and European versions reach 2 to 5 feet and have purple blooms. Zones 3--10
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This 3-foot, full-sun butterfly magnet can handle breezy, cold conditions. Zones 3--9
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It grows right beside the sea, 1 to 2 feet high along the East and West coasts. Zones 3--7
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Annuals flourish during the warm season, making gardens and pots bright across gardening zones.
Ideal for hanging baskets on seaside patios, the mostly South American natives bloom in shade.
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Selections of this sun-worshipper grow up to 40 inches and bloom all summer in sun and shade.
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Long-blooming Mediterranean natives, these 1- to 2-foot plants need part-to-full sun to flower yellow and orange.
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Shade or sun, you can tuck this tropical plant in deck pots and enjoy its vividly colored leaves.
Photo: Zen Shui and Odilon Dimier/Getty
Plant the 2- to 3-foot Mediterranean natives in a sunny border for "pincushion" blooms that draw butterflies.
Photo: Joern Sackerman
Nothing adds more romance to a beach cottage, if you choose seaside-friendly varieties like these.
Fragrant, long-flowering natives can be 8-foot hedges, best on East and Northwest coasts. Zones 2--8
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Great for mild Southern California, the hybrid musks climb 12 feet supported, even in shade. Zones 4--10
Photo: Moosey Country Garden
These climbers have scented blooms perfect for a seaside arbor. Zones 6--9
Photo: Maria Mosolova/Getty
A 3-foot re-blooming shrub with cherry red flowers, it's very coast-friendly and fog- and drought-tolerant. Zones 5--11
Photo: IML Image Group
Ranging from ground-covers to billowing, 4-foot hedges, these rose-like shrubs prosper amid wind, salt, and poor soil. Zones 8--10